Web application development: definition, stages, technologies, tools



What is web application development

Web application development is a combination of planning, management and software engineering activities performed by an organized team of software development professionals to create a web application in total compliance with a software requirements specification and business metrics.

 

Web app development is a type of software development focused only on creating a web application and its improvement and maintenance.

Sometimes web application development is a part of a more significant production scope that includes other software types like mobile applications, desktop applications or even games.

 

Web application development stages

This is a simplified list of web application development stages which is good enough to cover all production-related phases in web app development and receive a quality product.

1. Business logic design; user roles and web application interactions planning; UX and rapid prototyping

2. Preparing SRS, a software requirements specification for a web app development, with technical requirements

3. Web application technical architecture design

4. Web application development( engineering tasks): 

  • setting environment, development and deployment flow( GIT, cloud, containers, backups & snapshots, etc), 

  • back-end development, 

  • front-end development, 

  • third parties services integration( online payment integration, shipment integration, other), 

  • QA, quality assurance for web app development: manual QA and automated testing.

5. Launching a web application in production and its further maintenance.



Web application technologies

Here is a list of web application technologies that we think a good start for a web application

1. JavaScript, a high-level multi-paradigm programming language that supports different programming styles.

For creating a web application, it is possible to use JavaScript for both front-end and back-end development. The most popular JS libraries and frameworks are jQuery, React.js, Angular, Vue.

2. PHP, a general purpose language that is used to develop server-side logic in the webapp development process. 

It has many libraries and frameworks. One of the most stable, scalable and actively evolving PHP frameworks is Laravel.

YSBM Group is a PHP development company, feel free to reach out and ask for help with this programming stack.

3. Python is an interpreted, high-level language of a general purpose, that is distinguished for its code readability and simplicity of working with it. 

In web application development, we use Django and Flask frameworks.

4. Java is a class-based general-purpose programming language which design is concentrated on making a low number of implementation dependencies. 

It allows web application developers to write a code once and run it anywhere(WORA). Its most popular framework for web app development is Spring

 

5. Ruby, an interpreted, high-level, dynamically typed, general-purpose programming language that can be effectively utilized for procedural, functional and object-oriented programming. 

Its framework called Ruby on Rails is one of the popular technologies used in webapp development

 

6. Database technology: MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB. 

These databases are prevailing databases compatible with most programming languages and can cover all technical expectations

 

7. Server technology: Apache, Nginx

 

When choosing from web application technologies for creating a web application, you must consider at least these criteria

  • cost of experienced software engineer that specializes in a particular technology
  • licensing cost and licence restrictions that obligate webapp owner
  • performance and scaling capacities of a chosen technology
  • time for web application development depending on a technology choice
  • how mature a technology is and how big and active its supporting infrastructure( community, company, tools).

 

Webapp development tools

 

Let's split webapp development tools by categories that depend on a web application development's area of responsibility

 

  1. For planning and UX: Google docs, Mindmeister, Diagrams( draw.io), Lucidchart, Mockplus, Moqups, Balsamiq, and others

  2. For web app development, deployment, maintenance: GIT( bitbucket, GitHub ), cloud infrastructure and related( AWS, Google Cloud, Digital Ocean, Kubernetes, Docker, Jenkins, and others)

  3. For testing a web application: Screencast-o-Matic and Google docs/sheets( to record issues for manual testing), for automated testing( Selenium, Katalon, TestComplete, and others)

  4. For project management, while creating a web application: Redmine, Trello, Jira, Asana, Basecamp, Monday, and others



Utilize these webapp tools, technologies and stages, it will ensure your web application development success.

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